Physical Fitness

Earlier, physical fitness was commonly defined as the capacity to carry out the day's activities without undue fatigue. At present , physical fitness is considered a measure of the body's ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases and to meet emergency situations.
physical fitness comprises two related concepts: general fitness (a state of health and well-being), and specific fitness (a task-oriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations). Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition, exercise, and enough rest.

Benefits of physical fitness

Physical fitness has a number of proven, positive health effects, especially on heart health , strengthened muscles, increased flexibility, and stronger bones, helps to maintain good body composition.

Learn about physical activity and exercises

Physical activity is any body movement carried out by the skeletal muscles and requiring energy. Exercise is planned, structured, repetitive movement of the body intend to improve or maintain physical fitness.


Types of exercises A well organized fitness training program must include five types of exercises to create a balanced routine.

Aerobic exercises

These are the exercises, which your body mainly depend on the aerobic respiratory system for energy supply.
E.g: Walking, Jogging, and Cycling

Stretching (flexibility)

Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific skeletal muscle/muscles is deliberately Stretch in order to keep muscles elasticity or reaffirm.

Strengthening (weight exercises)

Strength training (weight exercise) is the use of resistance to muscular contraction to build the strength, anaerobic endurance, and size of skeletal muscles.


Balance exercises can help you to maintain your balance and confidence at any age. Balance exercises can also help to prevent falls and improve your coordination.
Eg- single leg standing

Core Exercises

Your muscles in abdomen ,lower back and pelvis known as core muscles. It helps to protect your back and connect Upper and lower body movements. If you strength these muscles groups you can use the core more effectively .
Eg - abdominal crunches, fitness ball exercises.

Benefits of physical fitness /exercises

  • Exercise improve your mood .
  • Exercise reduces the occurrence of chronic diseases like Diabetes, hypertension,Hyperlipidemias ,Heart diseases, joint diseases and some cancers.
  • Helps to control weight.
  • Exercise promote better sleep.
  • Exercise helps to enjoy.
  • Exercise helps to improve sexual health.
  • ©Mobile Site for Wellness Sri Lanka . Design by Isuru Sameera Kumarasiri