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NUTRITION

  • What is food ?

    Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals.

     
     
  • Why do we need food ?

    The food is ingested by a human is assimilated and then human body work to produce energy to maintain life, or stimulate growth. This is similar in most animals.

     
     
  • What are the main food sources?

    Most food has its origin in plants and plant products. Other food sources are from animal and animal products. Some food is obtained directly from plants; but even animals that are used as food sources are raised by feeding them food derived from plants. Cereal grain is a staple food that provides more food energy worldwide than any other type of crop. Maize, wheat, and rice in all of their varieties account for 87% of all grain production worldwide.

     
     
  • Plant food

    Many plants or plant parts are eaten as food. There are around 2,000 plant species which are cultivated for food, and many have several distinct cultivars. Main plant sources are cereals, legumes, vegetables, fruits and oil seeds,

     
     
  • Animal food

    Animals are used as food either directly or indirectly by the products they produce. Meat is an example of a direct product taken from an animal, which comes from muscle systems or from organs. Food products like milk, egg and honey belongs to indirect category of animal food.

     
     
  • Srilankan diet

    Traditionally food was taken by srilankans, not only to satisfy nutritional demand but also for therapeutic purposes. Our staple food Rice, which is consumed daily, can be found at any occasion, while spicy curries are favorite dishes for lunch and dinner .Most of the time gruel (Kenda) used for morning meal. Several types of gruel made with rice (Bath kenda,ulukenda ) ,and herbs (kola kenda), gave us good nutritional value. Our starch sources were Jack, Manioc, Breadfruit, Maize, Sorghum, finger millet, kodu miller, common millet ,roots and yams used by majority . We didn’t consume milk heavily but several herbal based beverages were used daily. (Beli, Iramusu, polpala, Ranawara ) Sweets were made with treacle, not with refined sugar. Our meat consumption was low, but they used only leaner meat from the jungle animals. Today , due to rapid urbanization and food imports traditional diet has change a lot. Similarly some of our bad food habits cause rapid increase of non communicable diseases all over the country ( NCD’s like diabetes ,high blood pressure and heart diseases). We need to change these bad habits to be a healthy nation.

     
     
  • Identify Poor dietary habits

    Our main energy sources are refined rice , wheat and related products with high glycaemic index.
    We eat high sugar contain cakes, Biscuits ,chocolates, ice cream ,shot eats and etc .
    Most of our main meals and snacks contain high levels of salt and unhealthy fats.
    We mix unhealthy oil during food preparation.Consumption of fruits and vegetables are low in our society.

     
     
  • Start healthy dietary habits

    Consume unrefined rice , wheat products and other cereals (kekulu rice,Basmathie rice and brown bread are better choices )
    Do not consume high sugary cakes ,biscuits, chocolates, ice cream and shot eats.
    Consume snack with low salt and low fat levels.
    Eat more fruits and vegetables. Our traditional ones are better.
    Drink enough water, do not depend on soft drinks. Most of these contain high level of sugar and salt.